Wild pansy, field pansy, yellow violet and other viola species grow wild in temperate Europe and Asia in fields and meadows, including in the mountains. In nature they come in three colors:
- blue violet,
- yellow or
- Pansies - the first heralds of spring on the balcony
- Pansies belong to the genus of violets
- Pansies are hardy
For the breeding of the garden pansies with velvety, single or multi-colored, also spotted, striped, flamed or bordered flowers, several types of viola were used.
Annual and biennial viola species
The popular and widespread garden pansies are annual or biennial plants. They are sown in summer, the first flowers come in autumn of the same year. Plants can perish in severe winters with permanent frost. In mild winters, they bloom until next summer. Then they come in. The garden pansies can grow wild in the garden at a favorable location. They get along well with the partially shaded location, are otherwise very frugal in their care and robust in their habitus. Sowing can be done outdoors in summer or autumn.
Perennial viola species
These include above all the horned violets, which are also called mini pansies. They are persistent, weakly scented perennials with a long flowering period. The flowers only roll up when there is severe frost; when the weather thaws, they open again, often throughout the winter. The horned violets come in all colors, including those with almost pure black flowers, e.g. B. Molly Sanderson.
Horned violets like stony ground because they naturally grow on rocky slopes. In addition, they should be severely pruned and divided after flowering. This maintenance measure ensures the longevity of the plant. The horned violets prefer a location in full sun, but - like all other pansies - are easy to care for.
Tips & Tricks
The garden pansy and the horned violet differ not only in the size of their flowers. If you look closely at the flower, you will find that out of five petals on pansies, four point upwards and one downwards, while on horny violets three petals point upwards and two downwards.