Honeysuckle family and their peculiarities

Honeysuckle family and their peculiarities

Which representatives belong to this plant family?

The following plants belong to the honeysuckle family (botanists also call it Caprifoliaceae):

  • Forest honeysuckle
  • Heckrott's honeysuckle
  • Fragrant honeysuckle
  • Fragrant honeysuckle
  • Weigela
  • Snowberry
  • Seven-sons-of-heaven-shrub
  • Abelie

also read

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  • Ground cover roses: varieties and their peculiarities

In the past, the woolly viburnum, the wrinkled viburnum and other snowballs as well as elderberry species were included in this plant family. But that has changed. Now the plants mentioned belong to the musk herb family.

Properties that all the honeysuckle have in common

All the honeysuckle family are included in the card-like order. There are around 50 genera and 700 species. These plants are mainly found in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. They mainly colonize regions of North America and East Asia.

Most of these plants are shrubs and creepers. Fewer specimens develop into perennials or smaller trees. Furthermore, most of the members of this family are woody. All species are more or less winter-proof and industry-proof. The wintergreen and evergreen specimens are considered to be more sensitive to frost.

Other common external features include cross-opposed leaves. They are usually simply divided into a petiole and a leaf blade. The flowers are five-fold and the corolla and calyx are fused together. The fruits are either berries or stone fruits.

Requirements for the location

These plants prefer to grow in partial shade. However, they are also suitable for shady locations. More flowers develop in sunny places. But the disadvantage is that there is an increased risk of drought there, which the honeysuckle family does not like.

The soil should be normally permeable. A slightly acidic, humus-rich and nutrient-rich substrate is also advantageous for these plants. Waterlogging or dryness should never prevail. This will damage these plants in no time.

The honeysuckle - a popular climbing plant for the garden

The honeysuckle, of which there are around 180 species, is a popular garden, creeper and flowering plant. The species include the following specimens with their Latin names:

  • Lonicera alseuosmoides
  • Lonicera x americana
  • Lonicera brownii
  • Lonicera caerulea
  • Lonicera caprifolium
  • Lonicera x heckrottii
  • Lonicera henryi
  • Lonicera japonica
  • Lonicera nitida
  • Lonicera periclymenum

The honeysuckle species have the following features in common:

  • well tolerated by cutting
  • poisonous fruits
  • 3 to 10 m tall
  • sweet smelling
  • right winding
  • a climbing object or trellis is required for climbing
  • elliptical leaves
  • yellow-white, sometimes pale red or purple-tinged flowers
  • long anthers
  • Flowering time between May and October
  • a cool floor is required

Tips & Tricks

Many honeysuckle plants can also be kept in buckets without any problems. But when it comes to bucket culture, they all require more care.