Botanical characteristics - in brief
Important key data in the profile indicate whether you can incorporate a Norway maple into your garden design without ifs and buts. Other botanical characteristics indicate correct planting, skillful care or successful propagation. The following overview throws a meaningful spotlight on the attributes of the popular deciduous tree and its suitability for the house tree:
- Name: Norway maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides)
- Best-known variety: ball maple (Acer platanoides Globosum)
- Deciduous deciduous tree with hand-shaped leaves
- Distribution areas: all over Europe up to 1,000 m altitude
- First class tree with a height of 20 to 30 m, rarely up to 40 m
- Root system: Heart roots with predominantly flat, near-surface spread
- Annual growth: 30 to 50 cm
- Flowering time in April with yellow-green flowers before the leaves shoot
- Winged fruits with cold germinating seeds
- Winter hardy to - 32 degrees Celsius
- Toxic: no
- Life expectancy: 150 to 200 years
- What should the location for Norway maple be like?
- Keeping Norway maple roots in check - is that possible?
- Damage to Norway Maple - Identifying and Treating Common Diseases
The Norway maple is of particular ecological and decorative value because it is the only native maple species that shows its flowers before the leaves shoot. Wild bees, butterflies and bumblebees are extremely happy because they can harvest nectar here early in the year. The subtle display of flowers is also pleasing to the eye, because most of the other trees are still bare at this time.
Norway maple celebrates Indian Summer to perfection
The outstanding attribute of Norway maple is its unique splendor in autumn. Have you not been completely convinced by the previous characteristics to include the Acer platanoides in the planting plan? Then find out more about the spectacular autumn colors:
- Yellow leaves in the top of the crown are the autumnal overture
- The initially yellow leaf color gradually intensifies in various shades of orange
- In the full sun the yellow-orange color festival ends in furious red tones
- Gradual color development from the tip to the base makes the crown shine in many colors
The autumn foliage unfolds its optimum color splendor with a combination of sunny weather and marked temperature fluctuations between day and night. You can also enjoy this season finale in the small garden and front yard. Nice cultivars have emerged from Norway maple, which remain at a height of less than 10 m, such as ball maple, blood maple or ball gold maple.
The robust winter hardiness and pronounced longevity hide the sensitivity of a Norway maple to cutting. If you have prescribed pruning for the tree, please only cut shoots that are too long in the area of the previous year's growth. As a rule, an Acer platanoides no longer sprouts from old wood.