What is typical of a Japanese garden?
A typical Japanese garden recreates a natural landscape on a small scale. This can look very different: from the mountain landscape framed with pine trees to the garden pond with bridge and tea house, very different design options are conceivable. It is only characteristic that the individual components express certain aspects of Japanese culture and the planting is rather sparing, but carefully planned. Flowering plants are rarely found in Japanese gardens, but there are plants in numerous shades of green. The elements stone and water are also important, whereby the latter can also be represented in the form of (white) pebbles.
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Which plants are suitable for a Japanese garden
It is less important to plant original Japanese trees, but rather the choice of suitable plants. For example, you shouldn't plant a Japanese maple if you can't give it a suitable location in your garden. Therefore, when choosing plants for the Japanese garden, always pay attention to the requirements in terms of location, soil and winter hardiness. You can also use native wood for the planting - for example a field maple instead of a Japanese maple. Conifers, which stay green in winter and are easy to shape, are typical of Japanese gardens.
trees and shrubs
For this reason, Japanese gardens mainly include pines (e.g. mountain or white pines, black pines) and other conifers such as yew and larch. You can also plant deciduous trees, especially maple, boxwood, rhododendrons, azaleas, cherry trees, ornamental cherry trees and blood plums.
Ferns and grasses, for example bamboo, Japanese forest grass, broad-leaf sedge, bearskin grass, ostrich fern, rainbow fern, etc. are also indispensable to these woody plants, such as moss, such as star moss. Flowering plants are rather rare, but can be found precisely positioned: In addition to the almost obligatory cherries, dogwoods, peonies and irises also belong in a Japanese garden.
If you want to delimit your property / garden securely, you can plant high hedges - or, as is common in Japan, use a white wall.