The most common types of clover in the garden
In the garden, different types of clover can spread by themselves or be specifically cultivated. While some gardeners consciously grow clover instead of lawn, others fight desperately to eradicate the clover in the garden. The most common types of clover in European gardens are:
- Meadow clover or red clover (Trofolium pratense)
- White clover (Trifolium repens)
- Wood sorrel (Oxalis corniculata)
- Clover in the garden: information about the flowering period
- The right fertilizer for or against clover in the garden
- Successfully overwintering clover
Other known types of clover are:
- Horn clover (lotus corniculatus)
- Persian clover (Trifolium resupinatum)
- Alexandrine clover (Trifolium alexandrinum)
Special features of the meadow clover
The meadow clover is the most important fodder plant of all types of clover in terms of area under cultivation. The meadow clover, which is often grown as a fodder plant, is also known as red clover due to its red colored inflorescences. This type of clover is one of the oldest agricultural cultivars in Europe, as the meadow clover was cultivated in Flanders, Italy and Spain as early as the 16th century. Like the other varieties of agriculturally used clover, the meadow clover loves relatively cool and humid locations with rainy summers. This is due to the fact that these plants have a comparatively high water requirement. In addition, the red clover should be grown on rather heavy clay soil; the meadow clover does not tolerate locations with acidic soil material.
Characteristics of white clover
In contrast to the red clover, the so-called white clover (Trifolium repens) forms creeping shoots that grow close to the ground and take root. Among the fodder legumes, the white clover is the only plant that can withstand constant grazing and stress on the sward from being stepped on. This is why this type of clover is particularly suitable as a lawn substitute. The white clover is less sensitive to cold and drought phases than the red clover. The white clover is also a little less demanding than the meadow clover in terms of soil quality.
Improve the soil with clover
The different varieties of agricultural clover physically and chemically improve the soil. On the one hand, the fine roots of the clover loosen the soil deeply and can thus prevent soil damage, such as through regular grain cultivation. On the other hand, the nodule bacteria at the clover roots also accumulate nitrogen in the soil, which is important for the growth of many plants. However, one should not overdo it with the cultivation of clover and between individual crop rotation rounds of the clover, cultivation breaks of three to four years for white clover and five to eight years for red clover should be observed.
When the clover becomes a nuisance in the lawn
Under certain circumstances it can happen that the clover spreads undesirably in the lawn. If the clover spreads heavily in the lawn, fertilization with horn shavings (€ 6.39 at Amazon *) can help: These promote healthy growth of the grass without providing the clover with additional phosphate (as found in other fertilizers). In the spring, it can also be helpful to thoroughly remove the clover from the lawn with a scarifier. Then the bald spots should be provided with fertilizer and the lawn should be re-sown. In severe cases, chemical agents can also be used that only exert their effect on the dicotyledonous clover and not on the monocotyledon grass.
The lucky clover (Oxalis tetraphylla), which is popular as a lucky gift on New Year's Eve, is particularly popular because of its four-leaf clover leaves. Due to its sensitivity to frost, it is usually grown indoors, but can also be grown outdoors in pots in summer. The small storage lumps of the lucky clover are even edible.