Dig up and move the tree
If a tree is to be dug up and moved, you should already dig a roughly spade-deep trench around the tree disc in autumn of the previous year. The diameter should roughly correspond to that of the treetop. Fill the narrow trench with compost and let the tree rest until the following autumn. Only then do you dig the trench again and loosen the roots so that the tree can be lifted out. Depending on your age and size, you can do this with a spade, digging fork and another person or with heavy equipment.
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Why digging the trench last year makes sense
Particularly in the case of tree species whose roots grow very broad and rather flat under the ground, it makes sense to cut them off by digging the trench. In the following year, the tree forms a compact root ball close to the trunk, with numerous new fine roots. This compact root ball in turn makes it easier for him to grow in the new location later - which can be difficult with trimmed roots and without new fine roots. Nevertheless, every transplant also requires a strong pruning, as the reduced root mass can no longer supply the entire crown.
Remove tree stump
You can proceed against it in a less laborious way if the tree is to be felled anyway. In this case, cut the crown and trunk piece by piece, depending on size and height, and leave about a meter of trunk - this will do a good job of pulling out the rootstock. However, you do not always have to pull the tree stump and roots out of the ground - especially with very large trees, it can make sense to simply leave both in the ground. You can use the stump as a decorative element or support it in its rotting process by taking measures such as scratching it with a chainsaw.
But be careful: some tree species sprout again from trimmed stumps or the roots. Root offshoots are then sometimes found within several meters around the former trunk.