Frost hard fig trees
Not all fig trees withstand sub-zero temperatures equally well. The following varieties have proven particularly successful:
- Brown Turkey
- Palatinate fruit fig
- Planting fig trees - you need to pay attention to these points
- Repot fig trees properly
- Self-fertilizing fig trees for the home garden
How well the fig is adapted to the climate in Germany can be seen from the plant description. Varieties that are winter-proof tolerate temperatures down to minus 15 degrees and do not freeze completely even if they drop further for a short time.
The leaves and fruits provide information about how frost hardy the fig is
If possible, look carefully at the leaves of the fig tree when buying. Fig varieties with green or yellow fruits and less deeply lobed leaves are considered hardier.
Do these figs thrive in all regions?
How well the frost-hardy fig gets through the winter does not only depend on the choice of the right variety. The right location, the nature of the soil and the wind conditions are also responsible for how winter-proof the fig tree is.
When do figs freeze back?
Depending on the robustness of the hardy fig, the branches freeze back from a temperature of minus 10 to minus 15 degrees. Initially, the instincts that are not fully developed suffer; In very frosty winters, the fig tree can also freeze back completely.
This is not yet a cause for concern. Often the trees sprout from the root ball in spring. If this shoot is located above the grafting point, the fig will also start to bear fruit in the year after next. In the year after the severe frost, you unfortunately have to forego the harvest, as the fig only supports the annual wood.
Wind and frost protection
It is advisable to give a fig that is considered to be frost hardy with adequate wind and frost protection. Mulch the tree slice with a thick layer of foliage. This prevents the soil from freezing and drying out. Protect the wood with additional straw or fleece mats.
Hibernate potted figs in the house
In areas with a very harsh climate, it is advisable to also cultivate fig varieties that are considered frost-resistant in the tub. Clear the plants into their winter quarters as late as possible, because this way you stay healthier and pests hardly have a chance. Since the fig sheds its leaves in autumn, it can be overwintered in a darkened and frost-free place. Temperatures just above freezing point are ideal. If there is no suitable place available, you can care for the fig during the cold season in the apartment or in the winter garden.
Tips & Tricks
When it comes to winter protection, you have to demonstrate a sure instinct. In warm wine-growing regions, too much protection can damage the plants, as they sprout early in warm periods. If the temperatures drop again below zero, the fresh shoots freeze to death. To avoid this, it is advisable to lime the trunk and the thick branches of the frost-hardy fig.