Jasmine variants - types of cuts and dates
Do not be confused by the diverse shrubs that are called jasmine. The following table provides an overview of when it makes sense to care for real jasmine, winter jasmine and garden jasmine as pseudo jasmine.
- Cut real jasmine correctly
- How to overwinter real jasmine
- When is it time to cut a fake jasmine?
|Jasmine variant||botanical name||best cut||best time||growth||hardy / sensitive to frost|
|Real jasmine||Jasminum officinale||Conservation cut||after flowering||Climbing plant||sensitive to frost|
|Winter jasmine||Jasminum nudiflorum||Form and care cut||after flowering||Climbing plant||hardy to - 18 °|
|Garden jasmine, false jasmine||Philadelphus||Clearance cut||every 2-3 years in February||upright, bushy shrub||completely hardy|
At this point, real jasmine represents the whole host of magnificent species and picturesque varieties that should overwinter behind glass in our regions. Flower beauties such as pink jasmine (Jasminum stephanense), Azores jasmine (Jasminum azoricum) or primrose jasmine (Jasminum mesnyi) all pull together when it comes to pruning.
Real Jasmine - Cutting Instructions
Real jasmine comes from the green treasury of Asia and is widespread in the Mediterranean area. The opulent flowering wood thrives as an evergreen or summer green climbing plant. Jasmin makes up for its pronounced sensitivity to frost with its forgiving cut tolerance. If you choose the right date for the haircut, you can't go wrong. That is how it goes:
- Cut jasmine after flowering
- Cut back too long shoots that protrude beyond the climbing aid
- Apply scissors over a well-positioned bud at a distance of 3-5 mm
Your horticultural assessment and the available space determine the scope of the cut. All types of Jasminum have powerful growth. Even after cutting back by two thirds, the bushes will sprout again. If a jasmine grows over your head during the summer, regulate the urge to spread with a moderate cut.Youtube
Cuttings provide cuttings
Do not carelessly throw away jasmine clippings. If you are in the mood for more specimens, there are usually several candidates for propagation by cuttings. Head cuttings and partial cuttings are equally suitable as long as they are 10 to 15 cm long and do not have flowers. Remove all the leaves in the lower half. Put each shoot section in a pot with potting soil and put a transparent cover over it. In the partially shaded location at 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, there are good prospects for rapid rooting.
Incorrect cutting time destroys flower budsFor most cold-sensitive potted plants, pruning is on the maintenance plan in spring before clearing them out, such as for oleander or dipladenia. This does not apply to real jasmine and its warmth-loving conspecifics. The exotic climbing trees planted the buds for the next flowering period as early as last year. This does not contradict the fact that you thinning out dead, dried up or frozen back branches in the spring so that your jasmine starts the new season with a light-flooded habit.
Cut winter jasmine
Thanks to global warming, more and more gardens shine with a sea of yellow flowers in winter. Winter jasmine has a special position among the jasmine species in terms of its tolerance to frost up to - 18 degrees Celsius and its unorthodox flowering period from December to March. This is how you include the individual attributes in the pattern maintenance:
- The best time is in February / March after the flowering period has ended
- Thinning out dead wood and frozen shoots
- Cut back excessively long branches that reach the ground by a third or half
- Ideally derived from a well-positioned, strong side shoot
- Cut fused side branches along the scaffold shoots to 5 cm short tenons
Winter jasmine bears its most beautiful flowers on the annual side shoots that sprout from perennial scaffold shoots. A vigorous pruning of a pair of buds clears the way for a splendid bloom next year. Moderate corrections are easily possible during the summer. From August onwards , you should no longer blend your winter jasmine , because from this point in time it will create the next generation of buds.
Jasmine tolerates taper pruningThe cut tolerance of jasmine extends to the most radical type of cut that there is in wood care. If you have neglected the flowering shrub in terms of pruning for a number of years, a rejuvenating pruning will solve the problem. In advance, clear out all dead wood at floor level. Then cut back any remaining ground shoots to 20 to 40 cm. In this way you create the ideal starting position to fundamentally rebuild a vital jasmine in the following years. It is important to note that you have to make a rejuvenating cut on winter jasmine outdoors by the beginning of March. According to the Federal Nature Conservation Act, only light maintenance cuts are allowed from March 1st to September 30th.
Thinning garden jasmine occasionally
The danger of confusing real jasmine and garden jasmine causes considerable confusion and bitter disappointments as a result of incorrectly cared for the cut. The latter is also known as false jasmine, farmer's jasmine or scented jasmine, although it is the pipe bush (Philadelphus).
The popular ornamental wood grows upright to bushy, is 3 meters high, is completely hardy and yet sensitive to cutting. Its blossom wood is vital for up to eight years, so that the pruning is limited to occasional thinning. How to cut garden jasmine correctly:
- The best time is every 2 to 3 years in February
- Clear out some of the oldest scaffolding shoots at floor level
- As a substitute, leave a corresponding number of young ground shoots
- Remove excess, weak shoots
- Broom-like branching, scaffolding shoots sloping to the ground lead to a lower branch
As the illustration below illustrates, the pruning of garden jasmine is very cautious . A strong cut, as on real jasmine or winter jasmine, is promptly followed by the failure of at least one flowering period.
frequently asked Questions
Is jasmine poisonous?
The noble ornamental wood is unfortunately poisonous in all parts. Even the consumption of small amounts can trigger typical symptoms of poisoning due to the alkaloids contained, such as vomiting, cramps and diarrhea. Larger amounts even carry the risk of respiratory paralysis. For children, the greatest danger comes from the berries that form after the flowering period. Cultivation in the family garden is therefore not recommended.
My farmer's jasmine is cut back and thinned out every year. The shrub is now 7 years old and has never really flowered. What can I do?
Farmer's jasmine is one of the pipe bushes and is not related to real jasmine. For this reason, the shrub will only bloom if you only clear dead branches at the base every two to three years. Please absolutely refrain from shortening shoots. This causes brooms to form and destroys any flower buds that have already been created. Apply a phosphorus-stressed fertilizer at the end of March to stimulate flowering.
When and how do I cut a winter jasmine so that it grows beautifully?
From August onwards, winter jasmine begins to buds for the next flowering period. At this point at the latest, the incision care should be finished. Only after the end of the late winter blossom festival does the time window open for the shape and care cut. The extent to which you cut the ornamental wood depends on your personal assessment. A strong pruning should be carried out by the beginning of March, because according to the Federal Nature Conservation Act, then the grace period begins, which only allows light maintenance cuts.
Is garden jasmine just as suitable for the tub as real jasmine?
Basically, garden jasmine thrives in large tubs, provided that there is a guarantee of sufficient water and nutrient supply. However, the expansive heart root system requires significantly more pot volume than real jasmine with a space-saving flat root system. In the first five to six years, cultivation in the bucket will succeed. Then we recommend transplanting garden jasmine into the bed.
Should a climbing frame always be available for winter jasmine?
Winter jasmine thrives as a spreading climber. If there are no possibilities to which he can hold on with his organs of attachment, his shoots lie on the ground. A sturdy trellis or an obelisk offer the long tendrils ideal conditions for climbing up on their own.
The 3 most common mistakes
Never cutting vigorous jasmine is just as detrimental to growth and blooming as a wrongly chosen time of cutting. Anyone who confuses a garden jasmine with real jasmine in terms of pruning care will look in vain for the fragrant flowers for at least one summer. The following table summarizes common cutting errors with solid tips for prevention:
|never cut||sprawling growth||Cut jasmine regularly into shape|
|Jasmine cut in spring||severely diminished flowers||Cut real jasmine after flowering|
|Garden jasmine cut like real jasmine||Failure of the flowering period||Thinning garden jasmine occasionally|
The good-natured cut tolerance of all Jasminum species forgives many a beginner's mistake. Long-lasting waterlogging, on the other hand, reliably hunts down the exotic flower beauties. A 5-10 cm high drainage on the bottom of the bucket prevents the mishap. Fill the coaster with pebbles or expanded clay balls so that any water that has accumulated does not rise back into the substrate.