Mixed culture: which plants in the vegetable patch go well together?

Mixed culture: which plants in the vegetable patch go well together?

How do good neighbors benefit from each other?

There are a number of reasons in favor of certain plant neighborhoods:

  • Pests do not like the smell of the neighboring plant and therefore stay away.
  • Beneficial animals are attracted.
  • Neighboring plants attract insects and thus ensure good pollination and a richer harvest.
  • Sensitive plants are shaded by tall, sun-hungry plants.
  • The space in the bed is optimally used.
  • Better use of nutrients in the soil.

also read

  • Mixed culture - good neighbors in the vegetable patch
  • What fits together? Good neighbors in the vegetable garden
  • A prosperous neighborhood in the vegetable garden thanks to mixed culture

Which plants should be placed next to each other?

“Even the strongest of plants cannot thrive if the neighbor doesn't like it.” One could modify Schiller’s quote like this or something like that, it’s about the vegetable patch. The following table provides information on which vegetable plants thrive when placed next to each other:

plantgood neighborsbad neighbors
BeansSavory, strawberries, cucumber, potatoes, cabbage, lettuce and lettuce, celery, beetroot, tomatoesPeas, fennel, garlic, leek, onions
StrawberriesFrench beans, garlic, lettuce, leek, radishes, chives, spinach, onionsCabbage
PotatoesBroad beans, chamomile, nasturtiums, cabbage, caraway seeds, corn, horseradish, mint, spinach, marigoldsPumpkin, tomato, celery, sunflower
leekEndive, strawberries, chamomile, cabbage, lettuce, carrots, black salsify, celery, tomatoesBeans, peas, beetroot
CornBeans, cucumber, potatoes, lettuce, pumpkin, melons, tomatoes, zucchiniBeetroot, celery
CarrotsDill, peas, garlic, leek, Swiss chard, radish, radish, rosemary, sage, chives, lettuce, salsify, tomatoes, onions
Radish and radishBeans, peas, nasturtiums, cabbage, lettuce, Swiss chard, carrots, spinach, tomatoesCucumbers
celeryFrench beans, cucumber, chamomile, cabbage, leek, tomatoPotatoes, lettuce, corn
asparagusCucumber, lettuce, parsley, lettuce, tomatoesGarlic, onions
spinachStrawberries, potatoes, cabbage, radishes, radish, celery, runner beans, tomatoes
tomatoesFrench beans, nasturtiums, garlic, cabbage, lettuce, leek, corn, carrots, parsley, lettuce, radishes, radish, beetroot, celery, spinachPeas, fennel, potatoes
zucchiniNasturtiums, corn, beetroot, runner beans, onions
OnionsSavory, dill, strawberries, cucumber, chamomile, lettuce, carrots, beetroot, black salsifyBeans, peas, cabbage

Many more plants could be found that harmonize very well. You can find extensive tables in gardening shops.

Which neighbors are particularly unfavorable?

There are some plants that you absolutely shouldn't put next to each other:

  • Lettuce and parsley
  • Fennel and tomatoes
  • French beans and onions
  • Cabbage and onions
  • Tomatoes and peas
  • Peas and beans
  • Potatoes and sunflowers
  • Potatoes and tomatoes


If you look at different sources, the information about good and bad neighbors does not always match. This depends on the soil and location, but also on the choice of variety. Therefore, note down your own observations and include your own experiences in the planting plan for the next garden year.