The right time
In principle, you can take cuttings all year round. However, these form roots faster when the Dieffenbachia is in the growth phase. So cut seedlings preferably in spring or summer.
- Shortening a Dieffenbachia - how should I proceed?
- The correct pruning of the Dieffenbachia
- The right location for the Dieffenbachia
There are two types of offshoots that root well in Dieffenbachia. These are:
- Head cuttings: Cut off the tip of a shoot, about ten to fifteen centimeters long, with a sharp knife.
- Shoot cuttings: The Dieffenbachia forms small side shoots (Kindel), which can be further cared for independently from the mother plant.
Rooting in a glass of water
Place the cuttings in a small vase and fill about 1.5 to 2 centimeters of water. The liquid must not cover the eyes under any circumstances, recognizable by the slight thickening of the trunk, because the plant should later grow leaves here.
Put a transparent bag over the vessel and place it in a bright, shady place. Ventilate daily and top up with a little water if necessary.
Putting in soil
Within a few weeks, roots around ten centimeters long have formed on the offshoots. Now put the offspring in soil and continue to care for the small Dieffenbachia like the mother plant.
Place cuttings directly in the substrate
This method also works well:
- Fill small pots with special growing or potting soil.
- Moisten the substrate well and insert cuttings into it.
- Here, too, care must be taken that at least one eye is not covered with earth.
- Cover with a translucent plastic bag.
- Ventilate daily to prevent mold growth.
- Keep it evenly moist, but do not over-wet, otherwise there is a risk of rot.
When the first fresh leaves show, you know that your efforts have been crowned with success. Now you can remove the bag and continue to care for the small plants as usual.
If the freshly cut cutting has a lot of leaf mass, it is advisable to cut off the lower leaves. As a result, the offshoot does not have to absorb as much water and takes root much faster.