Generative or vegetative propagation possible
Aloe Vera can be propagated generatively (by seeds) or vegetatively (by cuttings). The seeds are available in stores all year round. However, sowing is recommended in spring because of the better light conditions. Seed cultivation requires more patience and is ideal for the adventurous succulent plant enthusiast who wants to experience the development of the seedling into an "adult" plant.
- Aloes offer great biodiversity
- The wild mallow is propagated by sowing
- Zamioculcas can easily be propagated by cuttings
It is no less exciting to watch how a new plant emerges from a piece of aloe vera leaf. This happens when a part of the leaf planted in the ground forms roots underground and new leaves above ground. This type of propagation is easy to achieve even for an inexperienced hobby gardener.
Propagation by offshoots
If you have an aloe vera, you may have noticed that it produces new shoots on the trunk. This can form a mother plant from the age of about three years. All you have to do is carefully separate the seedling and repot it in its own container so that it can continue to thrive. Before planting, the cut surface of the offshoot is left to air dry to prevent mold growth.
But you can also easily get cuttings from the leaves of the mother plant, from which you can grow new plants. Proceed as follows:
- cut off one of the outer leaves,
- cut the leaf into several pieces,
- let the cut surfaces air dry for a few days,
- put the cuttings in a mixture of potting soil and fine sand (possibly quartz sand),
- keep the soil evenly moist,
- set up the growing container in a bright and warm place, but protected from the sun.
Care of the young plants
To avoid fungus formation, the young plants should not be watered from above. Until the cuttings have fully formed their root system, they cannot tolerate too much light. The small plants can initially store little water, so economical watering is advisable. The risk of drying out is lower with the succulents than the risk of rot due to waterlogging.
Tips & Tricks
Cutting off the outer leaves and side shoots also serves to keep the plant in shape.