A deciduous tree for the garden - an overview of representative species

A deciduous tree for the garden - an overview of representative species

The most beautiful deciduous trees for large gardens

Before you plant a large deciduous tree in the garden, you should first check the actual space available. Large trees need a lot of space in which they can develop their characteristic shape. So choose a tree that is appropriate for the space available and, above all, make sure to keep the necessary distances from the property line. Special growth forms such as spherical maple, silver birch, weeping elm or corkscrew willow require a place in the garden so that their striking shape really comes into its own.

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Overview: Suitable large deciduous tree species for the garden

Here you will find the most beautiful representative deciduous tree species for the home garden. This also includes special varieties that have a special growth habit or an interesting leaf or flower color.

Field maple (acer campestre)

This native deciduous tree grows up to 15 meters high and develops a densely branched crown up to 10 meters wide. The typical three- to five-lobed leaves turn bright golden yellow in autumn. The field maple is usually planted as a single, group or avenue tree, but is also very suitable for planting hedges. Interesting is the 'Carnival' variety with its white and creamy yellow variegated leaves.

Japanese maple (Acer palmarum)

The richly branched, mostly multi-stemmed Japanese maple comes from East Asia and is enjoying growing popularity in this country. The shrub or tree can reach heights between eight and ten meters with age and develops a picturesque, umbrella-shaped crown. The delicate leaves are fresh green, intense yellow, red or variegated, depending on the species.

Red-flowering horse chestnut (Aesculus x carnea 'Briotii')

This type of chestnut develops into a 10 to 15 meter high tree with a compact, leafy crown. The hand-shaped. Five to seven-part leaves can be up to 25 centimeters long and turn bright yellow in autumn. The real attraction, however, are the blood-red flowers with yellow spots at the bottom, which produce plenty of nectar and are therefore a good pasture for bees.

Purple alder (Alnus x spaethii)

This type of alder grows to a height of 10 to 15 meters and develops a regular, broadly conical crown. The six to 18 centimeters long, narrow elliptical leaves are brownish purple to dark purple when they shoot, dark green in summer and purple-red when the autumn color sets in late.

Black birch (Betula nigra)

The 12 to 15 meter high, often multi-stemmed tree has a very conspicuous bark color: on young trees the bark is red to yellow-brown and often rolled up very densely. With increasing age, the bark becomes darker in color until the bark is roughly torn, hard and black. The copper or Chinese birch (Betula albosinensis) also offers a unique bark color.

Common hornbeam (Carpinus betulus)

The domestic hornbeam is a single or multi-stemmed tree up to 25 meters high with a spreading crown. The popular park, avenue and street tree is also wonderfully suitable as a hedge plant or for creating secluded beech corridors or portals.

Quince (Cydonia oblonga)

The quince is a very old crop that is not only cultivated for its tasty fruits. It grows slowly into a broad-crowned tree up to six meters high. The tree blooms with white or pale pink flowers in May, the fragrant apple or pear-shaped fruits ripen between September and October.

European beech (Fagus sylvatica)

The native European beech is an imposing forest tree up to 30 meters high with a silver-gray trunk and a broadly arched crown. The species and its varieties are particularly suitable for solitary planting and for tall cut hedges. Particularly interesting are varieties such as 'Purpurea Pendula' (glossy black-red leaves, drooping branches and twigs), 'Purple Fountain' (dark, red-brown leaves, loosely drooping branches and twigs) or 'Dawyck Purple' (columnar tree with dark, purple-brown leaves) .

Walnut (Juglans regia)

The stately tree can reach heights of 20 to 30 meters and has a very spreading crown. It has long been a popular specimen tree for larger yards, gardens or parks. Many of the tasty nuts can be harvested in autumn.

Common black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

This solitary tree, which grows up to 25 meters high, with its loose crown up to 18 meters wide, is one of the most nectar and sugar-rich beehives. Particularly interesting varieties are, for example, the corkscrew robin ('Tortuosa', bizarre twisted, often hanging branches and twigs) or the spherical robinia ('Umbraculifera', initially spherical, umbrella-shaped crown in old age).

Winter linden (Tilia cordata)

The local winter linden is a well-known large tree that can grow up to 40 meters high with its arched crown. The species can be planted as a solitary or as an avenue tree, but is also suitable for a hedge or for a high tree wall that protects against light and wind. The nectar-rich flowers are an important pasture for bees.


Of course, the trees mentioned cannot cover the full spectrum of representative deciduous tree species. It is also worthwhile to choose an imposing variety from the vigorous fruit trees.