The daffodil - profile of a spring messenger

The daffodil - profile of a spring messenger

Wanted poster of the daffodil

  • Botanical name: Narcissus pseudonarcissus
  • Origin: Central Europe and North Africa
  • Usage: ornamental plant in the garden, cut flower
  • Height: about 35 to 40 centimeters
  • Shape and color of the leaves: 4 - 6 basal and lanceolate leaves with a blunt end and a blue-green color
  • Flower shape: tube of 6 intergrown petals in front of a crown-shaped, six-pointed flower, hangs nodding on the stem
  • Flower color: light yellow
  • Flowering period: March to April
  • Perennial: Yes, propagation by seeds and bulbs
  • Winter hardy: onions as persistence organs, completely hardy in the ground
  • Toxic: Yes, the highest concentration of poison in the onions - Effects: vomiting, diarrhea, cardiac arrhythmias with fatal consequences

Properly care for daffodils after flowering

Compared to other plants, it is noticeable that the actual growing season of the daffodils is limited to a short period in spring. For most of the year, the onions in the soil serve as survival organs. Depending on whether seeds are to ripen on the plants or not, withered flowers can be removed sooner or later. With the mostly optically motivated care and pruning measures, you should consider that the plants and their leaves store solar energy in the bulbs for flowering in the following year. Therefore, after flowering, the leaves should not be removed until they have turned yellow.

also read

  • The optimal care for the daffodil
  • Daffodils - the optimal care after flowering
  • The heyday of the daffodils

Beware: daffodils are poisonous

Actually, with the perennial and winter hardy daffodils, there is seldom the need to dig them up again after planting. But be careful:

  • Never store the onions of the daffodils next to table onions due to the risk of confusion
  • Do not leave onions lying around within the reach of children or pets
  • not getting any sap on the skin when cutting daffodils for the vase

The juice of the daffodils does not usually cause any symptoms of poisoning in the period before hand washing, but it can cause skin irritation.


Daffodils are grateful harbingers of spring that can largely be left to their own devices in a suitable location. They are therefore a good alternative to tulips if you want to plant areas that are wet in spring or you want to bring color to the herbaceous bed, which is often bare in March. Hidden behind other perennials, the leaves of the daffodil are not as annoying after the flowering period as when standing free in a meadow.