Winter-proof trees for the garden - easy to care for and robust

Winter-proof trees for the garden - easy to care for and robust

Native trees survive every winter

You are guaranteed not to go wrong with native deciduous and coniferous trees, because these are perfectly adapted to the prevailing climate and therefore do not require any special protective devices. In addition, native species offer birds, insects and other animals both a habitat and food - an advantage that should not be underestimated, which unfortunately many exotic species do not bring with them. The ubiquitous, exotic cherry laurel, for example, has a number of properties that are well received by gardeners - from an ecological point of view, however, the shrub is worthless. Instead, choose a house tree from this very varied list of the most common species to be found in Germany:

  • Fruit trees: apple, pear, sweet and sour cherries, plums and plums, reindeer clods and mirabelle plums, walnut
  • Wild fruit trees: service tree, mountain ash (rowanberry), rock pear, cornel cherry, wild apple
  • Deciduous trees: maple, birch, beech, oak, alder, ash, hornbeam, chestnut, linden, poplar, willow, hawthorn, elm
  • Evergreen Deciduous Trees: Holly, Evergreen Oak
  • Conifers: yew, spruce, pine, larch, fir, juniper

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Winter-proof exotic species for the home garden

There are also numerous imported tree species, some of which have been successfully cultivated in German gardens for decades or even centuries. As a rule, species such as

  • Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
  • Chinese bluebell tree (Paulownia tomentosa)
  • Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa)
  • Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
  • Gleditschia (Gleditsia triacanthos)
  • Tree of Gods (Ailanthus altissima)
  • Japanese maple / fan-leaf maple (Acer japonicum)
  • Caucasian wingnut (Pterocarya fraxinifolia)
  • Plane tree (platanus acerifolia)
  • Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
  • Japanese pagoda tree (Styphnolobium japonicum)
  • Trumpet Tree (Catalpa bignonioides)
  • Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

Origin provides information about winter hardiness

If you are unsure about the winter hardiness of the selected tree, take a look at the climatic conditions in its home: which climatic zone does the species come from? You will not be able to cultivate tropical and subtropical species in the garden in this country, you usually have to keep them in pots and overwinter frost-free during the winter months. The same applies to trees from the Mediterranean region, for example for almost all types of citrus. Only the three-leaved orange (Poncirus trifoliata) can withstand a few degrees below zero for a short time.


The various types of magnolia, some of which are also grown like trees, are usually also quite unproblematic.