Birch as a shallow root - that means the root type
Those who like to garden will mainly deal with three types of roots, namely:
- Deep roots
- Heart root
- Shallow roots
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Birch trees are found in more than 40 species, but all of them are shallow-rooted. These take up their nutrients mainly through the surface water seeping into the soil. The roots form a ring around the birch. That is why they compete vigorously with all of the nearby plants, which are also supplied by a shallow root system.
Effects on garden planning
When planting a birch in the garden, you should definitely pay attention to its root type. Because this knowledge shows what the location must be like. The most important thing is that you should allow sufficient space for existing plants. Alternatively, there is the option of planting birch trees exclusively in an environment of deep rooters. These two types can thrive in peaceful coexistence without competition.
Danger of falling with shallow roots
Unlike deep-rooted birches, being shallow-rooted, birches are particularly at risk from wind and storms. It is therefore important to secure young specimens in growth with a stake if necessary. Overall, the environment should be prepared for the risk of falling, which is best achieved with the help of well thought-out planning before you plant the birch. If possible, place your new birch away from the parking lot, playground, power lines and areas where people or objects could be harmed if the tree fell.
But don't worry: the soil conditions would have to be relatively poor so that the roots cannot find a hold. If the birch lives in a suitable location, it is also possible for it to develop a good root system as a shallow root.
You can also prevent the dreaded windthrow damage of shallow roots by not planting the trees too closely. It is easy to see that the better the tree can spread, the more stability there is.