The persimmon tree is cultivated as a useful plant but also as an ornamental and container plant. Its large, glossy leaves turn intense yellow to orange-red in autumn. The berry fruit of the persimmon tree is also called persimmon, Chinese date plum and Japanese persimmon. The fruits are yellow to orange in color and (when fully ripe) very juicy and sweet. When immature, they contain bitter tannins. One cultivated form is the sharon fruit from Israel, which is smaller and does not contain bitter tannins.
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Are persimmon trees suitable for outdoor planting?
As a fruit tree, the persimmon is cultivated in many tropical and subtropical areas. The persimmon trees are not sufficiently frost-resistant for the Central European climate, but cultivation is also possible in Germany in the mild winter wine-growing regions. It is recommended to keep the persimmons in the tub for the first 2-3 years and first to plant out the older plants in the garden.
Which site and soil conditions are required?
The kaki trees should be as sunny as possible outside in the warm season. The plants can cope with occasional night frosts as long as they can warm up again during the day. The persimmon tree in the bucket should be overwintered in a dark and frost-free place. The persimmon tree thrives on the neutral and also on the loamy soil. A little horn shavings (€ 6.39 at Amazon *) in the planting hole gives the tree a good start.
The persimmons can be propagated generatively and vegetatively. There are hardly any seeds in the fruits available in stores, so you would have to buy them to sow. The finished plants from specialist shops are more useful for the yield. Numerous varieties with different frost resistance and on weak or vigorous rootstocks are offered on the Internet.
Flowering and harvest time
The monoecious persimmon tree blooms in May and June. The decorative golden yellow flowers consist of four sepals; the fruit later develops from the calyx. The fruits ripen in late autumn between October and November on the now leafless tree.
Tips & Tricks
The persimmon plant can be cultivated as a container plant, on a trellis or as a half or high trunk.
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