Cardamom distinguishes between two types of plant. These are:
- Green cardamom
- Black cardamom
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In a pot or outdoors?
In its tropical homeland, cardamom is an outdoor plant that can grow up to 3 m high and provides a large harvest. In our latitudes, neither is to be expected. Continuous cultivation outdoors makes little sense anyway due to the harsh winters.
Nothing stands in the way of purchasing this plant, because it is content with a pot as a root home. In this, the size of the plant is also more modest. Cardamom can therefore be placed in inhabited rooms in winter like a houseplant, while in summer it can be placed outside.
Pull cardamom from seeds
You can buy a plant and keep it growing at home. However, seeds are also available in stores from which you can easily grow your own plants.
- Let the seeds soak in room temperature water overnight.
- Fill a pot with potting soil or herb soil.
- Spread the seeds on it and cover with soil.
- Keep the soil evenly moist and at least 22 ° C warm but not sunny. The first seedlings will appear after about two weeks.
- After about 6-8 weeks, you can repot the seedlings in your own pots with loose standard soil.
Cardamom plant from rhizome
If you have a larger plant on hand, you can plant a new plant from a piece of rhizome. Ideally, you can combine this with repotting the mother plant in spring. Soil rich in humus and good drainage are important. The pot size can be adjusted to the growth regularly in spring.
Provide shade and light
Cardamom can stand light, but not be exposed to direct sun. This applies to indoor spaces as well as to outdoor stays. Further key data of care are:
- provide moist air
- fertilize every 2 weeks from April to September
- keep moist, avoiding waterlogging
- overwinter at at least 16 degrees Celsius