The “Queen of Flowers” ​​- roses in the profile

The “Queen of Flowers” ​​- roses in the profile

The rose at a glance

  • Genus: Roses (Rosa)
  • Family: Rose family (Rosaceae)
  • Species: between 100 to 250 different wild and cultivated forms
  • Origin and distribution: depending on the species, temperate and subtropical zones, especially Persia
  • Height: between a few centimeters (dwarf roses) to several meters (climbing roses and ramblers)
  • Typical characteristics: deciduous, five-fold pinnate leaves, spines on the trunk, branches and twigs, flowers are often fragrant
  • Location: sunny to partially shaded, airy
  • Soil: nutrient-rich-humic, well-drained, possibly loamy
  • Flower: many different colors, shapes and sizes
  • Flower colors: mostly red, pink, white, yellow or salmon-colored or apricot; some varieties are two-colored
  • Flower sizes: large single flowers (e.g. hybrid tea roses) or smaller flowers in clusters (e.g. bed roses)
  • Flower shapes: simple, semi-double, double or very double
  • Flowering time: most cultivars flower in June / July, wild roses mostly in May
  • Duration of flowering: a distinction is made between single and frequent flowering varieties
  • Fruits: some roses (especially wild roses) develop rose hips
  • Leaves: five-pinnate deciduous leaves
  • Use: for ornamental gardens and pots, as a medicinal and scented plant
  • Toxicity: no
  • Winter hardiness: very different depending on the species and variety

The story of the rose

There is evidence that roses were already bred by the Sumerians - one of the first human civilizations: the oldest known representation of a rose is on a 4000 year old Sumerian clay tablet. In any case, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates is considered the cradle of the rose, as the probably first garden roses were grown here and then spread to the rest of Europe via ancient Greece. From 1780 onwards, merchant navy boats began to bring roses home from Chinese gardens. These roses were descended from two wild species: the "giant rose", a gigantic climbing plant with large yellow flowers, and the Rosa chinensis (Chinese rose), which was found in the Ichang Gorge of the Yangtze River. European and Chinese roses have been grown and crossed since then,so that a huge variety of old and new rose types has emerged.

also read

  • Beautiful gifts from flowers - roses grow
  • For healthy roses and more abundance of flowers - pruning faded roses
  • Roses - a variety of species and varieties for the garden and pots


Because of their diversity, roses can be used for very different purposes. You can not only plant the bushes in garden beds or pots, but also as a ground cover or for greening pergolas or the like.