Planting beetroot: from sowing to harvest

Planting beetroot: from sowing to harvest

Soil and location for the beetroot

Like almost all vegetables, beetroot needs a lot of sun to grow. Therefore, choose a location in full sun if possible. Furthermore, the beetroot has quite deep roots and penetrates best in loose soil. Find out more about the perfect location for beetroot here.

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  • Growing beetroot - no challenge for beginners

Prepare the soil

You should prepare the garden soil accordingly so that the beets can thrive optimally. To do this, proceed as follows:

  • Use a rake to loosen up the soil slightly.
  • If heavy or medium eaters grew on the bed in the previous year, you should dig some compost under the ground to increase the nutrient content in the soil.


Never sow beetroot in the same place as last year! Other beet varieties should not have been at the sowing site beforehand.

Sow beetroot

Beetroot can be sown directly in the bed from the end of May or you prefer the small plants at home on the windowsill.

For direct sowing in the garden, proceed as follows:

  • Using a string, draw several gutters at a distance of 30cm with a depth of 1 to 2cm.
  • Put one or two seeds into the soil about two inches apart.
  • Cover the seeds with soil.
  • Pour the freshly sown beetroot well.

You can find out more about sowing beetroot and interesting varieties here.


Birds love beetroot plants. It is therefore advisable to attach protective nets or scarecrows such as old CDs to keep the robbers away from the bed.


Prefer beetroot

Beetroot can be preferred at home from March. This saves pricking and therefore time and work. For pre-breeding you can use coconut sticks or similar means of attraction, or you can use an egg box that you cut apart and fill with soil. You can later plant the box with the plants in the bed. During pre-cultivation, it is essential to ensure that the substrate does not dry out. To do this, cover the cultivation vessel with cling film. You can find more tips on moving forward here.

Good neighbors for beetroot

Like all plants - and people too - beetroot thrives best when it is surrounded by neighbors who are in good spirits. These include French beans, lettuce, dill and cucumber. It does not get along well with potatoes, leeks or corn. Here is a complete overview of good and bad neighbors for beetroot.

Care for beetroot

Beetroot needs a lot of water, which is why you should water it thoroughly, especially on dry days. To protect the soil from drying out, you can mulch the bed.

Although the beetroot belongs to the middle eater, it is happy to receive fertilizer with compost. Find out here how and when to spoil your beets with compost.

beetroot plants

Prick the beetroot

Beetroot is usually sown too densely to ensure that there are no gaps in the bed. However, the beets need space to grow. Therefore, the plants should be pricked out as soon as the plants are large enough to pull out. Healthy plants remain in the bed at a distance of about 7 to 10 cm. You can find out more about the correct procedure for pricking out here.


You can use the pricked plants in salads or as edible decorative elements for delicious dishes.

Harvest beetroot

Depending on the variety, beetroot has a development time of three to four months. However, tubers and leaves can be harvested and edible at any other time. If you sown at the end of May, you can harvest your large tubers at the end of August / beginning of September. Those who want to harvest later in the year postpone the sowing accordingly. However, the last harvest should definitely be done before the first frost.

To get the tubers out of the ground, grasp the greens firmly with one hand and pull. If the beet is very tight, you can loosen it with slight jerks.

Propagate beetroot

If you want to harvest beetroot seeds yourself and use them for propagation, you have to be patient: Because beetroot does not produce seeds until the second year. If you want to grow seeds, leave a few plants in the fall and cover them with some sticks to protect them from frost. In the coming year an impressively high flower stalk with green-red flowers will form, which will develop seeds in autumn.