11 evergreen trees and shrubs for small gardens

11 evergreen trees and shrubs for small gardens

Small trees for the evergreen garden

Holly, boxwood, cherry laurel or the ubiquitous conifers can be found as evergreen plants in almost every garden. For this reason, we have put together some rarely planted evergreen trees for you.

also read

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  • 6 fast growing evergreen trees for the garden
  • Small trees for the front yard - the most beautiful ideas

Wintergreen privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium)

This robust shrub can grow up to five meters high and is particularly suitable for hedge planting, the 'Aureum' variety can also be used as a foliage plant.

Dwarf balsam fir (Abies balsamea 'Nana')

'Nana' is a small variant of the balsam fir from North America. It grows compact, rather rounded and does not grow taller than 80 centimeters even with age. This pretty dwarf conifer is suitable for stone and heather gardens as well as for perennial gardens. The dwarf balsam fir is shade-friendly.

Korean fir (Abies koreana)

The comparatively weak Korean fir is only between ten and 15 meters high and develops a broad, conical crown. Grafted plants that grow a little more slowly are often offered in stores. The varieties 'Blauer Pfiff' and 'Silberlocke' are particularly interesting for small gardens.

Dwarf cork fir (Abies lasiocarpa 'Compacta')

This very decorative, slow growing fir tree fits wonderfully in small gardens. It grows richly branched and does not grow taller than four meters even with age. Their very densely set, up to 2.5 cm long needles are blue-green to silver-gray on the top. This variety loves high air and soil moisture, but is sensitive to high lime content.

Awn pine (Pinus aristata)

In their home, the high altitudes of the Rocky Mountains, the awning pine can grow up to 15 meters high when old. With us, however, it hardly reaches more than six to eight meters. It grows very slowly and builds up a loosened, often picturesque crown. It absolutely needs a very well drained soil and a sunny, airy location.

East Asian dwarf pine (Pinus pumila 'Glauca')

This species, which remains very small, is the counterpart of the Alpine mountain pine (Pinus mugo), which is native from East Asia to Japan. The very attractive dwarf pine with its blue-green needles is suitable for stone and heather gardens, and it is also indispensable in Japanese gardens. It needs a sunny to light-shaded location and is very sensitive to waterlogging.

Dwarf pine (Pinus strobus 'Radiata')

This richly branched dwarf form of the Weymouths pine grows broadly conical, but with age it can be between four and six meters high and up to three meters wide. 'Radiata' absolutely needs a sunny location and sandy, humus-rich, well drained soil.

Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata 'Nana')

The Japanese yew is the East Asian counterpart to the European yew. It grows shrubby or develops into a tree up to 15 meters high. In this country, the 'Nana' variety is predominantly in cultivation, which is a maximum of two meters high and up to three meters wide.


Instead of a small tree, you can also cultivate an evergreen shrub grown as a half or high trunk. The common boxwood or the holly are very suitable for this.