The most popular types and varieties of bamboo

The most popular types and varieties of bamboo

There are currently around 150 species on offer in gardening shops across Europe. And new ones are added every year. A real treasure trove for bamboo lovers to experiment with. But due to the climate, only 20 are suitable for German gardens.

also read

  • If the bamboo should be hardy
  • Are there different types of bamboo fargesia?
  • Does the black bamboo form rhizomes?

Why bamboo species and varieties belong to the grass group

In order to classify the diversity of plants, botanists divided the plants into:

  • Family - grasses (Paceae)
  • Genus - Phyllostachys
  • Art - aureosulcata
  • Variety - Aureocaulis

Flowers and genes determine the system. This is not possible with bamboo because it blooms so rarely. Therefore, the bamboo was assigned to the grass family according to its stalk and leaf structure.

Even a 30 meter high bamboo therefore has a stalk and no trunk. In the bamboo family there are grasses that are only 30 centimeters high, such as Pleioblastus pygmaeus, but also those that grow over 10 meters in this country, such as Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens.

Which bamboo is the right one?

When it comes to bamboo plants, not only hobby gardeners but also professionals are often overwhelmed by the variety of the range, the growth forms, the space requirements and the different information on winter hardiness. We want to clear the bamboo jungle a little. Bamboos basically differ in 2 groups:

  • Forming eyelids that do not form rhizomes
  • Forming rhizomes, they spread without limits underground

If you want to find the right bamboo, you have to decide whether it should be the clumpy growing bamboo species or not. This bamboo plant is comparable to a tree in which only the trunk (with the bamboo eyrie) slowly becomes thicker. They can be cultivated to a limited extent by cutting off in smaller locations.

They are clumpy, easy to care for, very easy to cut, evergreen and hardy. Such as the Borinda or Fargesia varieties:

  • Borinda
  • Fargesia murielae denudata
  • Fargesia murielae Flamingo
  • Fargesia murielae Fresena
  • Fargesia murielae Green Arrows
  • Fargesia murielae nitida fountain
  • Fargesia murielae robusta Campbell
  • Fargesia murielae Standing Stone
  • Jiuzhaigou 1
  • Jiuzhaigou-Geneve

Rhizome-forming, limitlessly growing bamboo plants are like a jungle feeling when you let the bamboo run free! Culms can be up to 10 meters high. Particularly suitable for a larger bamboo garden. Here a 70 cm wide rhizome barrier made of PEHD or HDPE film with a locking bar is absolutely necessary!

Whoever is not afraid of expense and effort and has a huge garden can enjoy a wonderful bamboo jungle. The main group of the rhizome-forming bamboo genus Phyllostachys are the following species:

  • Phyllostachys auresosulcata
  • Phyllostachys aureocaulis
  • Phyllostachys spectabilis
  • Phyllostachys bissetii
  • Phyllostachys Humilis
  • Phyllostachys vivax Aureocaulis
  • Pseudosasa japonica

Tips & Tricks

Open your eyes when buying bamboo! Look out for the plant variety protection mark. These plants come from a seedling propagated by division. The origin of plants with the designation New Generation is unknown. They come from different seedlings. Do not buy plants that have been propagated in the laboratory (meristem), such as Bamboo Select!