Die besten Pflanzen für den Steilhang
Um einen Steilhang zu befestigen sind zwei Pflanzengruppen besonders hilfreich:
Bodendecker und tiefwurzelnde Pflanzen wie Sträucher oder Wiesenpflanzen. Die Bodendecker verhindern oberflächliche Erosion und das Verdunsten von Regen- und Gießwasser, während die Tiefwurzler den Hang zusätzlich bis tief in die Erde hinein stabilisieren und so ein Abrutschen fast unmöglich machen.
Lesen Sie auch
- Plant the slope with ground cover
- Plant a wall
- How to plan and plant a flowerbed on a slope
The following are suitable as ground cover, for example:
- Little evergreen
- Star moss
- Carpet sedum
A comprehensive list with numerous ground cover for slopes and their location requirements can be found here.
Deep-rooted shrubs are for example:
- Dog rose
- Witch hazel
You can find more deep-rooted plants with information on their height in this post.
It is therefore sensible to combine ground cover and deep roots in order to optimally secure the steep slope.
Plant the steep slope step by step
For the hillside planting you will need:
- a rake
- a hoe
- a spade
- a wheelbarrow
- Embankment mats made from compostable material
- Plants at will
- possibly irrigation system (69.29 € at Amazon *) (on large slopes)
- possibly building material for retaining walls (on large, steep slopes)
- Mulch, (€ 213.00 at Amazon *) gravel or similar to cover the beds and to create paths
Draw a sketch of your slope on a piece of paper and think about how many paths you need, whether you need an irrigation system and, if so, where you want to lay it. Is your slope very steep and long? Then you should plan for retaining walls that divide the slope into individual terraces. Remember that retaining walls need a frost-free foundation, i.e. at least 80cm deep. Also sketch where which plants should be placed.
2. Prepare the slope
First of all, the soil must be prepared for the plants. To do this, chop them through thoroughly, remove larger stones and rake up leaves and any old plant residues and dispose of everything with the wheelbarrow.
Now mark the paths. If retaining walls are to be installed, now is the right time.
Then dig up the bottom of the beds and generously lift compost beneath them.
3. Lay the slope mat
Now lay the embankment mats over the entire steep slope. These prevent the earth from slipping until the plants have grown firmly and take over this with their roots. The mats are weighted at the edges so that they do not slip away.
4. Place plants
Cut in the appropriate places and plant shrubs, flowers and ground covers. Don't put the plants too close together! Give them space to spread out and thrive.
5. Relocate irrigation
Then relocate your irrigation system. Make sure that all plants get as much water as possible. Finally, water the slope thoroughly.