Blood plum: A plum tree with red leaves

Blood plum: A plum tree with red leaves


  • Family: Rosaceae (rose family)
  • Color of the leaves: red to dark red
  • Species: small tree, large shrub

Red-leaved plums are early bloomers. From March onwards they delight with a magnificent, pink sea of ​​flowers. Thanks to their dense foliage, they later serve as good shade providers. Their leaves are elliptical.


  • Shape: round
  • Size: two to three centimeters
  • Color: orange to reddish
  • Taste: sweet and sour to sweet
  • Difficult to loosen core, contains toxic substances
  • juicy pulp

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This type of plum can be found in the wild or in cultivation. In Germany, two varieties are among the summer highlights in the orchard. They are up to five meters high.

Prunus cerasifera Nigra

  • Synonym: Prunus cerasifera Pissardii N-igra
  • Flowers: rose-red, -single standing
  • Foliage: red (May to June), then black-red

Prunus cerasifera Pissardii

  • Synonym: Prunus cerasifera Atropurpurea
  • Flowers: white-pink to white, often in pairs
  • Foliage: blackish red, fades over time


The hardy and warmth-loving blood plum is an easy-care wood. With sufficient water, nutrients and a suitable substrate, this species thrives profusely.

  • Location: sunny to partially shaded
  • Fertilizing in spring: complex fertilizer
  • Blending: young trees annually, older trees every two to four years

With young blood plums, make sure that the soil does not dry out. In this way you favor the rooting process. Older specimens survive longer dry periods well.


A humus and calcareous soil is ideal for a holistic development of the plant. In no case should it be sour, however. You can support small trees to grow by regularly loosening the upper layers of the earth.

Tips & Tricks

The small fruits of the blood plum ripen by late summer. They are both sweet and rich in vitamins.