A paradise for butterflies and bees - create a poor meadow

A paradise for butterflies and bees - create a poor meadow

Rough meadows are very species-rich

Rough meadows are among the most species-rich meadow types, as the lime-rich and nutrient-poor soil ensures that plants that are particularly weak in terms of competition thrive - in contrast to, for example, a fat meadow, where only fast-growing grasses and flowers have a chance due to the high nitrogen content. As a result, poor meadows contribute to the fact that rare plant species are saved from extinction. In addition, rare butterflies serve as a source of food for rare butterflies.

also read

  • Bees, butterflies, hedgehogs & Co. - this is how you create a colorful wild meadow
  • Create and maintain flower meadow
  • Create a magical summer meadow - for a colorful sea of ​​flowers

Typical plants for rough meadows

Rough meadows typically have an almost manageable number of flowers and herbs, all of which cannot possibly be listed here. A few typical representatives should nevertheless be named:

  • Trembling grass (Briza media)
  • Carnation (Armeria maritima)
  • Lesser ormennig (Agrimonia eupatoria)
  • Common cowslip (Primula veris)
  • Bulbous buttercup (Ranunculus bulbosus)
  • Pechnelke (Silene viscaria)
  • Upright brome ((Bromus erectus)
  • Little meadow button (Sanguisorba minor)

Different types of rough meadows

Which flowers and herbs can be found on a poor meadow is primarily determined by the type of poor or dry meadow. In Germany (and in general in Central Europe), the sand-poor meadows and the lime-poor meadows are particularly widespread.

Create a poor meadow

In order to create a lean meadow, you first have to lean the existing soil. If, for example, a dry meadow is to be created from a lawn or a greasy meadow, you must first prevent the vigorous grasses from growing, because they displace flowers and herbs that grow more slowly. Since grasses need a lot of nitrogen for their growth, you should stop all fertilization as a first step. Then proceed as follows:

  • Cut the lawn / meadow as short as possible.
  • Use a rake to remove moss and dead grass.
  • Pick out dandelions and other stubborn growths and roots.
  • Scarify the area.
  • If necessary, dig them up.
  • Improve the soil with a thick layer of soil-sand mixture.
  • Crumble larger crumbs of earth and rake the surface smooth.
  • Throw out the selected seed mixture for lean meadow over a large area.
  • Mix the seeds with sand to make them more evenly distributed.
  • Lightly rake the seeds and press down.
  • Keep the surface slightly damp, especially in the first few weeks.

Rare meadows should not be fertilized under any circumstances, as otherwise fast-growing grasses will regain the upper hand and biodiversity will decline.

Tips & Tricks

If possible, mow the poor meadow only once a year in September, when the late-blooming plants have all of them.