Rough meadows are very species-rich
Rough meadows are among the most species-rich meadow types, as the lime-rich and nutrient-poor soil ensures that plants that are particularly weak in terms of competition thrive - in contrast to, for example, a fat meadow, where only fast-growing grasses and flowers have a chance due to the high nitrogen content. As a result, poor meadows contribute to the fact that rare plant species are saved from extinction. In addition, rare butterflies serve as a source of food for rare butterflies.
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Typical plants for rough meadows
Rough meadows typically have an almost manageable number of flowers and herbs, all of which cannot possibly be listed here. A few typical representatives should nevertheless be named:
- Trembling grass (Briza media)
- Carnation (Armeria maritima)
- Lesser ormennig (Agrimonia eupatoria)
- Common cowslip (Primula veris)
- Bulbous buttercup (Ranunculus bulbosus)
- Pechnelke (Silene viscaria)
- Upright brome ((Bromus erectus)
- Little meadow button (Sanguisorba minor)
Different types of rough meadows
Which flowers and herbs can be found on a poor meadow is primarily determined by the type of poor or dry meadow. In Germany (and in general in Central Europe), the sand-poor meadows and the lime-poor meadows are particularly widespread.
Create a poor meadow
In order to create a lean meadow, you first have to lean the existing soil. If, for example, a dry meadow is to be created from a lawn or a greasy meadow, you must first prevent the vigorous grasses from growing, because they displace flowers and herbs that grow more slowly. Since grasses need a lot of nitrogen for their growth, you should stop all fertilization as a first step. Then proceed as follows:
- Cut the lawn / meadow as short as possible.
- Use a rake to remove moss and dead grass.
- Pick out dandelions and other stubborn growths and roots.
- Scarify the area.
- If necessary, dig them up.
- Improve the soil with a thick layer of soil-sand mixture.
- Crumble larger crumbs of earth and rake the surface smooth.
- Throw out the selected seed mixture for lean meadow over a large area.
- Mix the seeds with sand to make them more evenly distributed.
- Lightly rake the seeds and press down.
- Keep the surface slightly damp, especially in the first few weeks.
Rare meadows should not be fertilized under any circumstances, as otherwise fast-growing grasses will regain the upper hand and biodiversity will decline.
Tips & Tricks
If possible, mow the poor meadow only once a year in September, when the late-blooming plants have all of them.