Old and new plum varieties: an overview

Old and new plum varieties: an overview

The resilient plum tree should not be missing in any garden. Between July and November it delights with its sweet harvest. Learn more about the differences between different types of plum in this post.

Early varieties

After a delicate flowering in spring, early plums enchant with their sweet taste from mid-July.

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Bühler early plum

These fruits can be harvested from the end of July. The self-fruiting plum is often planted in the local allotment garden. Due to its robust character, the Bühler early plum is considered to be Scharka resistant. This virus disease is mainly transmitted by aphids and has a negative effect on crop yield.

Rooms early plum

Small, sweet fruits are ripe at the beginning of August. This dark early plum needs a neighboring plum for pollination. It is not self-fertile.


This plum tree will offer fresh fruit from mid-July. The dark blue fruits are covered with a light blue hoop. The high sugar content gives it a refreshingly sweet taste.


The first plum cake in summer can be enjoyed with Katinka. The yellowish-green pulp offers a wonderful taste experience from mid-July.

Ersinger early plum

The early variety plays an important role, especially in western southern Germany. It is often grown in allotments. Their fruits are harvested in two to three passes from mid-August. They are very sweet and medium hard. However, a damp summer has a negative impact on the harvest. The classic house plum is suitable for damp regions.

The house plum

This old variety gives the allotment garden an autumnal, sweet dream. The small fruits can mainly be found in old gardens. In professional horticulture it only occurs in areas where there is no risk of sharka.


Alternatively, the resistant Elena is grown. Their juicy plums are a little bigger than those of the house plums.

New breeds


A delicious fruit cake can be prepared in late autumn. The juicy, sweet pulp can be easily removed from the core. The Presenta variety also convinces with its resistance to sharka.


This variety scores above all because of its incomparable appearance and unique taste. In 1980 it emerged from an intersection. The medium-firm pulp can weigh up to 45 grams. The self-fruiting variety ripens between late August and mid-September. The all-rounder plum is suitable for all growing areas and is versatile.

Sweet recommendations for further processing


  • Bühler early plum
  • Katinka
  • Hanita
  • House plum
  • Ersinger early plum

Jam and compote

  • House plum
  • Ersinger early plum
  • Hanita

Cake topping

Most types of plums are suitable for making fresh fruit cakes. Hanita and Hanka are not included.

Fresh consumption

The fruits taste best fresh from the tree. They can be stored for up to a week. The plum variety Cacacs Schöne is only suitable for further processing.

Tips & Tricks

New plum trees can be grown from a core. Unrefined, old varieties reproduce well on shoots.