Examples of the correct classification
If you follow the old cultivation rule of dividing the area of the vegetable garden into four areas, you will save a lot of planning work when it comes to crop rotation. This prevents the one-sided use of nutrients, the soil does not leach out and you save fertilizer. Each year one area belongs:
- The heavy eaters like celery, leek, cabbage or kohlrabi.
- The middle eaters. These include carrots, fennel, onions, garlic, many salads, radishes and radishes.
- Peas, beans, lamb's lettuce for the poor eaters. Many herbs also belong to this group.
- A bed is planted with soil-promoting plants such as buckwheat or phacelia. These bring leaf mass and thus humus into the soil and loosen the soil with their extensive roots.
- What fits together? Good neighbors in the vegetable garden
- Mixed culture - good neighbors in the vegetable patch
- Mixed culture: which plants in the vegetable patch go well together?
Examples of useful and unfavorable mixed cultures
In nature, too, plants of different species combine to bundle their defenses and ward off pathogens and pests more effectively. You can also make use of this in your own vegetable patch through mixed cultures. Thorough planning of the vegetable garden sets the course for a successful harvest.
Here are some examples of good plant neighborhoods:
|French beans||Cucumber, cabbage, lettuce, kohlrabi, Swiss chard, radishes, celery, tomatoes|
|Peas||Cucumber, lettuce, carrots, onions and dill|
|Potatoes||Broad beans, kohlrabi, spinach|
|Cabbage||Beans, peas, cucumber, leek, carrots, radishes, lettuce, celery, spinach|
|leek||Strawberries, cabbage, kohlrabi, carrots, salsify, celery, tomatoes|
|tomatoes||Beans, garlic, cabbage, leek, carrots, lettuce, radishes, spinach|
|Onions||Cucumbers, strawberries, carrots, kohlrabi, beets|
Certain species, however, hinder their growth and take care of themselves. If you put them next to each other, the harvest will be small. These are for example:
|Beans||Peas, garlic, leek, onions|
|Cucumbers||Potatoes, radishes, tomatoes|
|garlic||French beans, peas, cabbage|
|tomatoes||Potatoes, peas, cucumber|
It is advisable to lay out the beds at a width of 1.20 meters. In between there is a path about 30 centimeters wide, which you can cover with stones or wooden boards, for example. This means that you can easily reach the middle of the bed from both sides, which makes work noticeably easier.